Hamster Basic Info

Hamsters are popular pets that require proper care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know about caring for your pet hamster.


Hamsters are nocturnal animals, which means they are most active at night. They are solitary animals and should be housed alone to prevent fighting. They may become more aggressive with age, so it's important to keep an eye on their behavior and separate them if necessary.

Hamsters are curious and love to explore their environment. They are also active and need plenty of exercise, which is why it's important to provide them with a spacious habitat with lots of toys and tunnels. Hamsters are also known to hoard food and other items in their habitat.


A hamster's habitat should be spacious, clean, and safe. The minimum recommended size for a hamster cage is 24 inches by 12 inches, with a height of at least 12 inches. However, the larger the habitat, the better it is for the hamster's overall well-being.

The habitat should be lined with a suitable bedding material, such as aspen shavings, paper-based bedding, or corn cob bedding. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as they can be harmful to your hamster's respiratory system.

Provide your hamster with a variety of toys and tunnels to keep them entertained and active. Hamsters also need a wheel to run on, but make sure it's a solid surface wheel to prevent injury.


Hamsters are omnivores and require a balanced diet that includes both plant-based and protein-based foods. A good quality hamster food should be the main part of their diet, but it's important to supplement with fresh fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli, and apples.

Hamsters also need access to fresh water at all times. Use a water bottle with a sipper tube to prevent spilling and keep the water clean.


Regular health checks are important for your hamster. Look for signs of illness, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, diarrhea, or discharge from the eyes or nose. Hamsters are prone to dental problems, so make sure their teeth are healthy and not overgrown.

Keep your hamster's habitat clean by spot cleaning regularly and doing a full clean out once a week. This will prevent the buildup of bacteria and keep your hamster healthy.

In conclusion, hamsters are wonderful pets that require proper care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. Provide them with a spacious habitat, a balanced diet, and regular health checks to keep them healthy and thriving. With the right care, your pet hamster can bring you years of joy and companionship.

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Please Note: Exotic Nutrition is not able to provide specific health and care guidelines on an individual basis. Please contact an accredited veterinarian if you have a pet emergency.