Feeding Bluebirds

Lots of birders love to feed their birds mealworms, but live mealworms can be a challenge to find locally and an even greater challenge to successfully ship live; especially during the summer months.

We've found a great solution for you: dried mealworms. They still contain all the great protein your birds need, they ship well and you don't have to worry about keeping them alive. And, perhaps the greatest part: they're nearly half the cost of live mealworms!

If you've not offered mealworms to your birds before, this is a great way to start. "Mealies" are a favorite of nearly all backyard birds - trust us, set a budget limit now - your birds will devour them more quickly than you can keep them in the feeder. Chickadees and nuthatches usually find them first, woodpeckers, flickers, cardinals, bluebirds and orioles will quickly follow suit.

Offer the mealworms sprinkled on top your favorite seed in a platform or fly-through feeder, or any window feeder.

Mealworms are not really worms at all but are the larval form of the darkling beetle (Tenebrio molitor). They are clean, easy to raise, do not carry human diseases and most importantly are a nutritious food supplement readily accepted by bluebirds.

Mealworms can be offered to bluebirds to:

Entice them to use a nest box.

Assist the incubating female to find food quickly so she does not have to leave her eggs for long periods of time.

Act as supplementary food for nestlings if food becomes scarce when weather conditions prevent the parents from finding insects.

Help them survive during spells of severe winter weather.

Perhaps the biggest challenge is to try to attract bluebirds to your yard with mealworms. If you already have bluebirds and just want to ensure they stay, mealworms can be an effective enticement. If you have never or rarely seen a bluebird in your yard, chances are they will not show up just because you have put out mealworms. What will happen is that other birds in your yard will find them and quickly consume the entire offering. So unless you have bluebirds around, it could be a costly and unrewarding venture to offer mealworms in the hopes of attracting them. However, in cold climates, small over-wintering songbirds like chickadees, nuthatches, etc. appreciate a small hanging tin cup of mealworms as much as bird watchers enjoy watching them come.

There are several types of feeders that can be used, or you can just scatter mealworms on the ground. The latter method is least advised as mealworms are attractive to most birds and they might all be eaten before bluebirds can find them. The best type of feeder is the hopper style where the mealworms can be placed inside the feeder with the bluebirds entering from a hole at either end. Naturally curious, bluebirds will readily explore this type of feeder and quickly recognize it as a food source. The 1 ½" hole at each end will effectively exclude larger birds. Smaller birds will soon catch on, but an aggressive male bluebird will usually defend "his" feeder, especially if he and his mate are nesting nearby. Some find that putting a flat saucer with a few worms in it on top of the hopper feeder will help draw the bluebird’s attention to the location of the feeder. Once they become familiar with the routine, the saucer should be removed and mealworms placed inside the feeder. The location of the feeder can also be moved as the birds become familiar with it, and then moved to a spot where it is easier for you to watch them feed. One of the highlights of feeding mealworms to bluebirds is watching the fledged young start coming down to the feeder, first begging to be fed and eventually figuring out for themselves how to get the tasty treats on their own.

Because they should be used as a supplemental food, mealworms should only be offered once or twice a day unless poor weather conditions dictate more frequent feeding. A hundred or so worms offered morning and evening would be adequate for a pair with a box of nestlings.


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Please Note: Exotic Nutrition is not in a position to provide specific health and care guidelines on an individual basis. Please visit our animal info tabs or consider purchasing a care guide book for additional information. If you have a health or pet emergency issue, please notify your veterinarian or a specialized technician.

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